Breaking News

Wikileaks Cable: ZIMBABWE, Tsvangirai on U.S. State visit

by By024NEWS
05 February 2011 | 1690 Views
E.O. 12958: DECL:  7/21/2019
SUBJECT: AU SUMMIT: A/S CARSON'S MEETING WITH BOTSWANA'S VICE PRESIDENT MOMPATI MERAFHE TRIPOLI 00000588 001.2 OF 002 CLASSIFIED BY: Joan Polaschik, Charge d'Affaires, U.S. Embassy Tripoli, Department of State. REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

1.(C) Summary: Assistant Secretary Johnnie Carson met with Botswana Vice President (VP) Mompati Merafhe on July 2, 2009 on the margins of the African Union (AU) Summit in Sirte, Libya. The discussion focused on the global financial crisis, recent accomplishments made by the Government of Botswana (GOB) in the agricultural sector, the new USG global food security initiative, and political leadership in South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar. End Summary.

BOTSWANA STRUGGLES DURING GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS --------------------------------------------- ----

2.(C) VP Merafhe asked the Assistant Secretary for his opinion on the state of the global financial crisis and economy. Carson expressed his belief that the recession in the United States was close to bottoming out and could settle sometime between June-September next year. However, U.S. employment, housing, and auto industry figures all continue to indicate a slump.

3.(C) VP Merafhe noted that Botswana was "struggling" as a result of the global recession, citing high-end tourism and the diamond industry as particularly hard hit. As part of a larger effort to save jobs in the industry, Botswana has had to close one diamond mine due to decreased sales and lower prices. The GOB is also in the process of concluding establishment of a diamond trading consortium including DeBeers, Anglo America, and Namibia that would, once complete, consolidate 30% of global diamond trade in Botswana. The GOB will hold an 80% stake under the partnership.

4.(C) Merafhe also discussed the GOB's decision to run a budget deficit through which government spending would be used to stimulate the economy (Note: the African Development Bank [ADB] recently approved a loan of USD $1.5 billion in Botswana, marking the first such debt that Botswana had accrued in over 17 years. End Note.)

AGRICULTURAL SECTOR REFORM A HIGH PRIORITY ------------------------------------------

5.(C) VP Merafhe explained that the GOB has more than doubled sorghum production in the last year, increasing yields from 43,000 metric tons to 93,000 metric tons using a locally developed model that could be replicated in other countries. Ensuring the sustainability of agricultural sector investment and the accomplishments that have been achieved, is a high priority for the GOB, Merafhe continued.

6.(C) Carson noted that the USG was in the process of launching a new, global food security initiative in which Africa would be featured prominently. In particular, USG agricultural assistance funding will double to $1 billion during FY2010, with an approximate total of $3.5 billion provided by the USG within the next three years. Carson explained that host country partnership, innovation, and ownership of planned agricultural sector interventions are USG priorities in its approach to implementing the new initiative.

ENERGY PRODUCTION: SEEKING SELF-SUFFICIENCY -------------------------------------------

7.(C) Carson asked about the status of coal production and energy resources in Botswana. Merafhe noted that the GOB was working to harness Botswana's overall energy resources to achieve self-sufficiency, and that China will enter the market to help Botswana further exploit its coal production capabilities. There are no plans, at present, to develop wind or solar energy resources.

DOMESTIC POLITICS -----------------

8.(C) When asked about domestic politics, Merafhe said he was confident about the prospects for his party in upcoming national elections to be held in October, noting that under the GOB system the president is not directly elected but instead chosen by the political party with the highest number of seats in Parliament. Merafhe does not expect new opposition candidates TRIPOLI 00000588 002.2 OF 002 to enter the election campaign.

VP MERAFHE: SOUTH AFRICA'S ZUMA IS "INTERNALLY FOCUSED" --------------------------------------------- ---------

9.(C) Moving to regional issues, A/S Carson asked the Vice President for his impression on the recent election of Jacob Zuma in South Africa. Merafhe said it was too early to tell, but the initial indications suggested that Zuma appeared to be "internally focused." Merafhe also noted that he had no prior knowledge of, or contact with, the new South African Minister of Foreign Affairs but that she appeared to be solid

ZIMBABWE --------

10.(C) xxxxxxxxxxxx A/S Carson noted that POTUS saw Zimbabwe Prime Minister Tsvangirai during his recent travel to Washington, and said that helping the Prime Minister without aiding Mugabe will be a challenge. A/S Carson also said that the USG would remain engaged in Zimbabwe and continue to channel foreign assistance in support of the people of Zimbabwe through non-governmental organizations. USG support for humanitarian assistance, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, and democracy and governance programs in Zimbabwe will all continue under the USG foreign assistance program. Agricultural sector inputs and education programming are also anticipated as new USG foreign assistance components. 11.(C) A/S Carson asked if SADC would increase pressure on Zimbabwe for Mugabe to exit. xxxxxxxxxxxx

MADAGASCAR: WAY FORWARD REMAINS UNCLEAR ---------------------------------------

12.(C) VP Merafhe said that Madagascar was also a "nasty situation." A/S Carson noted that the AU will repeat efforts to assemble the four political parties in Madagascar in an effort to proceed with presidential elections and restore constitutional governance. A/S Carson noted that Rajoelina is presently too young to secure the presidency under the Malagasy constitution and that the overall way forward in resolving the political impasse in Madagascar was still not clear. POLASCHIK


Source: wikileaks


Latest News

Zimbabwe lost $2 billion on 1:1 forex exchange rate

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 81 Views

Abusive Zanu-PF councillor sets wife alight - Zanu-PF Ward 9 councillo...

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 92 Views

Chamisa cries as his political career ends

by Dr Masimba Mavaza | 22 February 2019 | 454 Views

'Chamisa, Mnangagwa power-sharing not on the agenda'

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 68 Views

Ginimbi to 'tour' Australia

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 96 Views

Fake news rocks Zimbabwe military - Zimbabwe National Army has disowne...

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 211 Views

Caps United avert player strike over unpaid dues - HARARE giants Caps ...

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 36 Views

Mnangagwa courts Chinese

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 76 Views

Zimbabwe/South Africa officials to meet ahead of Ramaphosa visit

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 60 Views

MDC Alliance members run away with ballot papers - DIVISIONS in the MD...

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 102 Views

Woman arrested for obscene message to lover's wife - A 28-YEAR-OLD wom...

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 101 Views

Bulawayo takes deliberate affirmative action policy

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 44 Views

Two stabbed, axed in gold rush - AN illegal gold panner from Plumtree ...

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 44 Views

Bosso zero in on three for captaincy - HIGHLANDERS' technical bench ha...

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 28 Views

Zimbabwe approves 37 mbanje investors

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 53 Views

American starlet trialing with Bosso

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 49 Views

Cholera vaccine campaign begins in Harare

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 15 Views

Dating scam exposed - Efforts to find a lover on a local dating site h...

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 118 Views

Baby mama threatens to bewitch ex's wife - A VAINONA woman is living i...

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 47 Views

Callistus Ndlovu's body arrives in Harare

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 65 Views

Grace Mugabe sister's fraud trial hits a snag?

by newzimbabwe | 22 February 2019 | 247 Views

Opposition parties walk out of Mnangagwa's post-election dialogue meet...

by TimesLive | 22 February 2019 | 510 Views

Chiwenga aborts flight back to Zimbabwe

by newzimbawe | 22 February 2019 | 914 Views

Mnagagwa is a habitual liar - I am now forced to believe that the Pres...

by Don Chigumba | 22 February 2019 | 643 Views

'Propaganda' college for Chamisa's MDC - Opposition MDC Alliance has t...

by Ndou Paul | 22 February 2019 | 476 Views

Zimnat assists families of deceased miners - Zimnat, one of the leadin...

by Staff reporter | 22 February 2019 | 499 Views

MDC-T supports dialogue with Mnangagwa

by Linda Tsungirirai Masarira | 22 February 2019 | 1575 Views

EU lifted sanctions to join in looting of diamonds - not fooled by ele...

by Patrick Guramatunhu | 22 February 2019 | 2410 Views


TinTin suffers mental illness scare

by Mandla Ndlovu | 19 February 2019 | 4134 Views

Bulawayo artiste blasts Mnangagwa - BULAWAYO artiste Njabulo "SizFire"...

by Staff reporter | 18 February 2019 | 609 Views

Jabu features in nasty indecent tape - Studio 263 actor Jabu (real nam...

by Staff reporter | 18 February 2019 | 1471 Views

Omkhula lament lack of arts promoters in Zimbabwe

by Staff reporter | 17 February 2019 | 1057 Views

'Bulawayo artistes more popular outside Zimbabwe'

by Staff reporter | 17 February 2019 | 879 Views

Sex makes Zodwa Wabantu fat

by Staff reporter | 17 February 2019 | 3419 Views

HIFA 2019 cancelled

by Mandla Ndlovu | 15 February 2019 | 764 Views

WATCH: Jah Prayzah and Misred drop Kunerima video

by Mandla Ndlovu | 12 February 2019 | 5538 Views

Greatsoftline For All Of Your Software Needs

coupon and promo codes: greatsoftline for all of your software needswhile some online sellers have promotional services that reduce the overall amount you spent, others do not .you need to be on the lookout for the best outlets in order to chase th... Read More
ITnews 25 February 2015 ago

Five Reliable Outlook Pst File Repair Tools

Outlook pst files can become corrupted -- and when that happens, work grinds to a halt. if your organization relies on outlook, one of these tools could save the day. outlook is the industry standard groupware tool. let's take a look at five that can... Read More
ITnews 04 May 2015 ago